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The Vatican City State has its own currency with legal tender in ITALY and in all other countries by virtue of the monetary agreement signed in 1930 with the Italian Republic, but which had retroactivity to 1929, to constitute a historical continuity with the beginning of new state. From this Convention derives the right of the Vatican State to use the Euro as its official currency starting from 1 January 1999.

Lacking its own issuing institution, the Vatican coins its coins in Italy, at the State Polygraphic and Mint Institute (IPZS).

The first series of coins of the Vatican in Lire is dated 1929 (but in reality it was coined and put into circulation in 1930) in the BU version, during the pontificate of Sts. Pope Pius XI (1922-1939). Coins of 5 and 10 cents copper, 20 and 50 cent nickel, 1 and 2 lira coins and 5 and 10 lira silver coins were minted; in the same year, 100 lire gold coins were minted.

In 1939 there was the first coinage of the Vacant See, with the coat of arms of the cardinal Chamberlain Eugenio Pacelli, and 5 and 10 lire silver coins were minted.

The first series of Vatican coins in Euro was issued in 2002 in the BU version and PROOF, during the pontificate of St. John Paul II (1978-2005), with eight different values ​​of 1.2 and 5 cents in copper, 10, 20 and 50 cents in Nordic Gold and 1 and 2 Euro bimetallic.

The Vatican City, starting from 1930, issues a divisional series of coins for each year of the pontificate of the regent Pope; it also issues commemorative coins in Silver and Gold. All the series available on the site are contained in their original folder (where applicable) and in absolute BU.

The Vatican City coins are issued in extremely limited circulation and this is why they have always been of interest to collectors and investors.

The minting by the Vatican City of gold coins in Lire took place regularly every year from 1929 until 1959, during the pontificates of Pius XI, Pius XII and John XXIII.

This gold coinage in Lire resumed from 1996 to 2001, in view of the Jubilee of 2000, during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II, and continues to this day, with an annual issue in Euro.

In particular, the Vatican's gold coins are the following:
- 100 Lire Gold BU (from 1929 to 1959)
- Lira 50,000 Gold and Lira 100,000 Gold PROOF (from 1996 to 2001)
- 20 Euro Gold and 50 Euro Gold PROOF (from 2002, annual issue)
- 100 Euro Gold PROOF (from 2008, annual issue)
- 200 Euro Gold PROOF (from 2012, annual issue)
- 10 Euro Gold PROOF (from 2013, annual issue)

The circulation of the Vatican Gold coins in Lire and Euro is very limited, therefore they are rare and highly sought after collector coins, an excellent form of investment.

The minting by the Vatican City of Commemorative Silver coins in Lire took place regularly every year from 1983 until 2001, during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II (1978-2005). This minting continues with an annual issue in Euro.

In particular, the Vatican's silver coins are the following:
- Lire 500 and Lire 1000 Argento (first issue in 1983, diptych Holy Year)
- Lire 10,000 Silver (first issue in 1995, diptych Towards the Holy Year of 2000)
- Lire 2,000 Silver (first issue in 2000, Holy Year 2000)
- Lire 5,000 Silver (first and only issue in 2001, Easter of Resurrection)
- 5 Euro and 10 Euro Silver (from 2002, annual issue)
- 20 Euro Silver (from 2012, annual issue contained in the PROOF divisional series)

The circulation of Vatican Silver coins in Lire and Euro is very limited, therefore they are rare and highly sought after collector coins, an excellent form of investment.

Since 2004, the Vatican has issued a commemorative 2 Euro bimetallic coin in BU version (First issue: 75th Anniversary of the founding of the Vatican City State).

From 2015 the Vatican issues, in addition to the commemorative 2-euro coin in BU version, also a PROOF version (First issue: VIII World Meeting of Families of Philadelphia, USA).

The "official" papal medals, that is, issued by order of the Holy See and the Pope, have been minted since the beginning of the fifteenth century and can be divided into different categories depending on their issue.

The annual papal medals are intended to commemorate and commemorate the most important historical event for the Catholic Church that occurred during the year of pontificate, in the period of regency of a given Pontiff. On the obverse they portray the pontiff and on the reverse the event to commemorate, they are issued once a year (traditionally June 29 for the anniversary of the SS apostles Peter and Paul) and can be considered a synthesis of history and art of the Church from Renaissance to the present.

The official "extraordinary" papal medals are issued with the aim of recalling exceptional events such as to exceed a year of pontificate.

The official papal medals "of apostolic journeys" abroad, are issued on the occasion of the apostolic journeys of the Pontiff regent in Italy and abroad. The latter are extremely rare in that they are donated by the Pope during official meetings to both the authorities and representatives of the organization and those accompanying him on his journey and are not publicly offered for sale by the Holy See. Pope Paul VI inaugurated the trips abroad of the Popes in the contemporary era, with the trip to the Holy Land during the Second Vatican Council; Pius VII (1800-1823) had been the last Pope out of Italy, led by Napoleon Bonaparte into forced exile at Fontainebleau in June 1812.